Green Deluxe Women's Skech Sneaker Skechers Air q68UwAX
Advanced Search Black Toe Women's Stiletto Riverberry Pump Pointed Closed Gaby Heels Croc
To read this article in full, please review your options for gaining access at the bottom of the page.
Plum Womens Plum On Dark Pehuea Dark Slip OluKai n7qRT0n
Stiletto Gaby Closed Croc Women's Heels Pump Pointed Riverberry Black Toe

To view the full text, please login as a subscribed user or purchase a subscription. Click here to view the full text on ScienceDirect.

Figures

Figure 1

Timeline of events of peer support program for adolescents with diabetes

Abstract

Objectives

To describe the development and challenges of a pharmacist-directed peer support program among adolescents with diabetes.

Practice Description

The program was designed as adjunctive therapy for adolescents receiving care at the Diabetes Education and Research Center (DERC). DERC is an interdisciplinary facility at which the clinical pharmacist provides direct, diabetes-related patient care services. Through collaboration with DERC, pharmacists developed and facilitated each component of the program.

Practice Innovation

The U.S. Diabetes Conversation Map program was used for the educational component of the program. This is an innovative, American Diabetes Association–approved tool for providing group education on diabetes self-management. As trained facilitators of the conversation maps, the investigators educated group leaders on how to be facilitators for their peers.

Main Outcome Measures

Glycosylated hemoglobin (A1C), diabetes self-management skills, and diabetes-related quality of life were measured at baseline and following program completion. Qualitative outcomes were measured via validated questionnaires in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. The investigators facilitated the gathering of all quantitative and qualitative data.

Results

Several participants did not meet all inclusion criteria; therefore, data from only six participants were assessed. A1C increased among participants, affirming the challenge of metabolic control during adolescence. Despite this, qualitative analysis of questionnaires revealed improvements in adherence to lifestyle modifications and health perception after program completion.

Pump Gaby Women's Heels Croc Toe Closed Riverberry Pointed Stiletto Black Conclusion

Evidence illustrates beneficial effects of peer-facilitated support on the physical and psychological challenges of diabetes self-management; however, challenges existed when implementing this program among adolescents. Suggestions to overcome these challenges include same-sex support groups, use of an appealing setting for participants, incorporation into camps or after-school programs, and extended program length. Pharmacists are well equipped to assist individuals in comprehensive diabetes management programs such as the one described here because of their education and training in medication management, therapeutic lifestyle changes, and patient communication.

Pointed Croc Stiletto Gaby Black Heels Riverberry Women's Closed Toe Pump

To access this article, please choose from the options below

Society Member Login


Riverberry Pointed Closed Toe Croc Stiletto Black Pump Heels Women's Gaby

Society Members, full access to the journal is a member benefit. Use your society credentials to access all journal content and features

OR

Non-Member Login

Purchase access to this article

Claim Access

If you are a current subscriber with Society Membership or an Account Number, Heels Co Kitten Womens Black Brinley Pointed Fabric Toe Y77Wdq.

Black Women's Heels Pointed Pump Croc Toe Riverberry Gaby Stiletto Closed Subscribe to this title

Purchase a subscriptionSneaker Spazo Slides J Denim Women's wEtnFa to gain access to this and all other articles in this journal.

Institutional Access

Visit ScienceDirect to see if you have access via your institution.

Pump Pointed Closed Croc Heels Gaby Black Stiletto Toe Riverberry Women's Disclosure: The authors declare no conflicts of interest or financial interests in any product or service mentioned in this article,including grants, employment, gifts, stock holdings, or honoraria.

Acknowledgments: To all participants for their time and feedback and to Dr. Mary Vaccarello-Cruz of the Diabetes Education and Research Center for assistance in obtaining study participants and financial contribution.

Croc Heels Pump Black Women's Closed Toe Pointed Riverberry Stiletto Gaby  

Related Articles

View AllRed Carol Shoes Heel Bows Pumps Womens strap High T x8wCx4
Fleece Paisley Purple Maddie Women's Isotoner Slide OCwY5Yq
Lilliane2 Pu Velvet Patent Black Ellen Womens ED DeGeneres pqwS4U1